Cycling and car sharing are all the rage – still, the car number one mode of transport. Per household there are on average even more than a Car.
The car is still the most important mode of transport in Germany, but it is parked during the day, the vast majority of the time and is only 45 minutes in use. These are the core results of the study “mobility in Germany to 2017”, which was presented on Wednesday in Berlin.
According to the study, will be placed back in Germany, 43 percent of the routes with car or motorbike – the value has not changed since the previous survey in 2008. At the same time, more and more people car sharing to use, but offers and go, especially in major cities by bike or by Bus and train.
The “traffic turnaround” in approaches visible, but Far from completed. “Overall, and especially outside of the cities, the car remains, and in particular, a glance at the mileage, at a great distance of transport, number one,” says the study by the Institute for applied social science.
Cars are most of the time
Here, vehicles are usually parked vehicles: A passenger Car is on a medium day, not on a peak day like Saturday, plenty of hazards, with an average of 23 hours and 15 minutes.
Private electric cars can make in this regard is hardly a difference. In addition, households with a battery of the vehicle most other vehicles with a conventional drive, i.e. Diesel or gasoline. Only a quarter of the E-cars are, according to the investigation, the only cars in the household.
E-cars would be suitable for everyday traffic
Electric vehicles are used intensively, especially on short distances, less at long distances. Overall, almost two-thirds are, in any event, the use of the motor Car in everyday traffic are shorter than ten kilometres, so that’s not a Problem for E-cars. This shows that electric cars for everyday mobility can meet the needs of the well, said transport Secretary of state Gerhard Schulz.
Sales of E-cars in Germany is increasing, but at a low level. As the main reasons for the lower range, the relatively high price, as well as a comprehensive apply at the end of the charging infrastructure.
More than one car per household
Overall, the Car is grown to keep the fleet in the past few years to about 43 million vehicles in the private house. More than a car now comes on every household – that was in 2008.
The car ownership, in particular in the Eastern länder and in rural regions. So 90 percent of the households outside the cities, at least one car. In addition, the number of heavy vehicles that consume a lot of fuel grows, according to the study. The proportion of SUV, SUV’s and Vans have to hold in the interviewed households, compared to 2008, from about ten to about 20 percent doubled.
In the longer term, a slight decrease in the proportion of motorized individual transport in the total traffic of 44 percent in 2002 to 43 percent in 2017, the study found. Passenger counting is used the car for 57 percent of the tract (in 2002: 60 per cent). Among the winners of the public transport and the Bicycle, however, this means of transport increased since 2002, two percent.
Less people make a driver’s license
Young adults in the larger cities were “less car-oriented than their peers” in the past few years. This manifests itself in the fact that fewer young people will make a driver’s license. 87 percent of German from the age of 17 had, according to the study in 2017, a driving licence – this is two percentage points less than in 2008.
The Ministry of transport had commissioned after 2002, and in 2008, the Institute for applied social science in the year 2017, for the third Time with the study. In the study, more than 60 regional partners were involved, more than 150,000 households were interviewed.