How much exhaust gases are allowed to launch cars in the future? Before the decisive Meeting of EU environment Ministers, the Autonation Germany leaves, of all things, the leadership of the other.
The environment Ministers of the EU States, it is the most important decision for a Long time: On Tuesday you want to agree on a common line in the future carbon dioxide emissions from new Cars and Trucks. The question is not only for the protection of the climate and the air quality, but also for the future of the European car industry.
On the table are three proposals: The EU-Commission wants to reduce the CO2-emissions of new vehicles by 2030, 30 per cent. The EU-Parliament calls for a 40 percent reduction, while the government of Austria – which currently holds the EU presidency, offered a compromise of 35 per cent.
Diplomats and observers expect a tough fight. The Minister will decide according to the principle of the qualified majority of the 15 member countries, which together are 65 percent of the EU population. However, currently experts, the car itself is not a forecast of whether one of the three proposals for such a majority. In the first vote on Tuesday morning (Livestream here) diplomats with a stalemate, and only late in the evening with an agreement – if it is successful.
And Germany of all places, the self-proclaimed climate protection pioneer, an EU national, confused with the strongest economy and the largest in the auto industry, tend to lead instead.
Schulze’s remarkable turnaround
The official line from the Federal government to support the 30% target of the Commission. This Position must be supported, the Federal environment Minister, Svenja Schulze (SPD), now the Minister, although she was Recently of a very different opinion. 45 per cent CO2 savings are “technically feasible and climate policy”, said the SPD politician before the summer holidays. In the case of high savings goals, your calculus would have to change the auto industry faster on electric drive.
Were not applied, only the coalition colleagues of the Union, Peter Altmaier (economy) and Andreas Scheuer (traffic). Also, the trade unions and works councils of the automotive companies, the SPD’s clientele, therefore, organized their resistance. They paid the SPD Finance Minister, Olaf Scholz in Berlin several visits. In the end, you had success: Schulze gave up their tough stance on the carbon dioxide question.
The remarkable justification for the Minister: you wanted to prevent a common Position in Berlin’s coalition at a meeting of the EU environment Council. Finally, not only Altmaier and Scheuer against an ambitious target, but also German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
Chancellery puts pressure on other EU States
Secretly, however, it is said from the Ministry of the environment, follow Schulze a different strategy. Because without a common government line, Germany would have abstained in the vote in the Council of Ministers. Then the CO2 would have been postponed-a decision possibly until after the European elections in may 2019. But then more populist might be sitting in the Parliament in Strasbourg, and then it looked grim for a sharp CO2 control.
The current Parliament, Schulze, hope can negotiate, however, together with France and other countries, a compromise, in the more jump for the climate than those 30 percent less carbon dioxide, with the Schulze for Germany to compete. This fits in with what Schulze’s spokesperson on Tuesday announced tomorrow on Twitter: His Boss had not made a u-turn, but only the “majority in the coalition” together. The 30-percent target to see them as “too weak and the industry is politically wrong”.
Alone: Schulze has made the bill even without Chancellor Angela Merkel. The Berlin Chancellery have been doing days of intense pressure on other EU countries, the car industry-friendly 30-percent-to support the target, reports of diplomats, and insiders from multiple States to comply. In Paris, Rome, Madrid, Lisbon and London calls from Berlin had been received. So it could come the end to of Schulze feared the stalemate.
“The Paris Alliance”
However, it is still unclear whether Merkel will have Offensive success. According to information provided by insiders 17 to 18 EU States, including France, Sweden, Spain, Denmark, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, the CO2 emissions want to continue to reduce to 40 or even 45 percent. Car manufacturer associations claim that this is either technically not feasible or would destroy mass Jobs. The proponents argue that the only way the main aim of the Paris climate agreement limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees in this century – is out of reach.
“We are optimistic that the Paris Alliance is the Council of Ministers,” says Luxembourg’s environment Secretary Claude Turmes, representing his country at the Meeting. Anyone who wants to reach the Paris target, the Commission could recommend in the case of car emissions, not 30 percent reduction. “Don’t,” said tower extends in the front and the rear. Also politically it was only a day after another dramatic report of the UN intergovernmental panel on Climate change IPCC is hardly justifiable.
The Federal government attempts together with the German corporations, “the farewell to the diesel engine as long as possible to delay,” said Greg Archer of environmental organization Transport & Environment. This is not only from a climate perspective, but also economically short-sighted. “For Germany, it is also important to remain globally competitive,” said Archer. “And the man does not create, by always sold more diesel cars.”
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