Better air, more Cycling, no driving bans – on the diesel summit a year ago, politics and industry have made many Commitments. What have you observed?
What was promised? The air in German cities should be better, especially in 90 municipalities with excessive nitrogen oxide values. The burden of the harmful Gas does not drop threatens Germany in a penalty payment in the billions. “We will not let the high NOx emissions of the municipalities and their citizens alone,” it said in the final Declaration of the diesel summit.
This is what happened: The air quality in 2017, compared to the previous year, slightly better, the number of municipalities with exceedances took according to estimates by the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) from 90 to 70.
Nevertheless, the NOx limit value of 40 micrograms per cubic metre air is exceeded at around 46 percent of the measuring stations in the year. Apart from these stations, the nitrogen oxide values are probably considerably higher than previously assumed, as a study from the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies showed the example of Berlin.
What was promised? Government and industry wanted to Diesel-driving bans, to avoid the threatened cities support. A hard promise, it is not given. He was “quite confident that we can avoid with these decisions, driving bans,” said the then Federal transport Minister Alexander Dobrindt (CSU).
This is what happened: In this point of the diesel summit demonstrably failed. In Hamburg, the Senate has blocked a main road for older Diesel Cars. In other major cities such as Stuttgart and Frankfurt driving bans are imminent.
The background, especially a judgment of the Federal administrative court. Accordingly, municipalities are allowed to Express, in principle, bans to improve air quality. The court is committed to Baden-Württemberg, explicitly, to examine this measure for the state capital.
What was promised? 5.3 million Diesel passenger Cars in the pollutant classes Euro 5 and Euro 6 by the end of 2018, a software update at the expense of the manufacturer. To reduce nitrogen oxide emissions by 30 percent. At the same time, CO2 emissions, fuel consumption and engine performance should not be worse.
This is what happened: a Little more than half of the Updates is managed. According to the Federal Ministry of transport about 2.9 million cars are now converted. Including 2.5 million cars from the Volkswagen group, from which the illegal Software had to be removed.
In addition, 1.6 million vehicles, the process for an Update is running – whether the timetable is adhered to the end of the year, is unclear. Because in some types of the development of the Software is only 1. Completed September, then the force travel Federal office must check the Update and approve it.
What was promised? A group of experts to Hardware retrofits and concepts from the car manufacturer for such conversions.
This is what happened: Nothing. Although there are the so-called “expert group 1”, which is intended to deal is the reduction of the emissions of the registered vehicle stock. Their work is, according to Jürgen Resch, a member of the group and managing Director of German environmental aid, however, “systematically exaggerated” by should not be permitted to meet since December, 2017.
The manufacturers have so far not submitted concepts for hardware retrofitting. Transport Minister, Andreas Scheuer (CSU) locks also opposed, although the tag would be an opinion according to “acceptable effort” is possible and the ADAC took the effectiveness of the retrofit in a Test.
The KBA is intended to monitor the industry sharper
What was promised? The KBA will perform in the future, measurements in the road operation and also for vehicles registered sample studied. In addition, a consumer Advisory Council is to be introduced.
This is what happened: The often as industry-related criticized KBA controlled actually sharper. So doing this with the Mercedes on, among others, fell-Benz. The Vito van, and about 600,000 more Daimler Cars were the target of the KBA. In addition, the authority began a recall of the VW Touareg Volkswagen. Since 1. January 2017 can be carried out operating in addition, emission tests in real-world driving, even on vehicles which are already available on the market.
The consumer Advisory Council will, for the first time 23. Days of August. In addition to various ministries, representatives of the ADAC, the verbraucherzentrale Bundesverband and the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) is to sit at the table. However, these will be represented with the Auto-industry Association VDA and the importer Association VDIK also two lobby organizations of the automotive industry.
A lot of money for clean transport
What was promised? The Federal government and the auto industry announced a 500-million-Euro Fund for environmentally friendly transport. Later, the volume was doubled to one billion euros. The Federal government wanted to wear of 750 million euros, the industry of the Rest.
This is what happened:
The program unfolded, because it was existing funding programs simply increase. On electric buses, as a rule, has not used the right Run, there is enough money is, by far, available. On the other hand, the Bicycle Lobby complained, and the money promised for the fast cycle routes are not included in the budget.
The industry was initially difficult, your contribution in the amount of 250 million euros. Since foreign manufacturers do not want to participate in the Fund have increased, German companies their contributions.
Scrapping premiums for old cars
What was promised? After the summit, announced the major car manufacturers have a “migration premium” for old diesel cars. The buyer of a car with “advanced aftertreatment” or of E-vehicles should get a Bonus, if you submit at the same time, a car of the pollutant class Euro 4 or older.
This is what happened: Almost all the major manufacturers competed in fact with high trade-in premiums to customers. Volkswagen and Audi paid up to 10,000 euros to drivers who levies an old Diesel and a new car bought. Ford donated up to 8000 Euro, BMW, and Mercedes, up to 2000 Euro. Stefan Reindl from Geislinger Institute for the automotive industry, estimates that 200,000 new cars were sold with such discounts.
The environmental Benefit is very doubtful – especially if drivers have replaced the old by new, larger diesel car. Vehicles of the Euro 6 standard from also often more nitrogen oxides than cars with Euro 3 or Euro 4. Audi even lured prospective customers for the A6 with an environmental bonus – although the engine software of the car was manipulated.