Speed limit lowers accident rates drastically

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The Federal government rejects a General speed limit – examples in Brandenburg and North Rhine-Westphalia show that, With a speed of 130 km the number of accidents, the injured and the dead is reduced considerably.


130 km/h on all motorways, the climate’s sake. This proposal, a government Commission made for more climate protection in transport – the German Federal Minister of transport, Andreas Scheuer (CSU), but also the ADAC immediately rejected. Because there is hardly a claim to be polarized so much as the tracks according to a General speed limit on Germany’s car – it would make the traffic much safer.

Yet allowed to drive around 70 percent of the German motorway kilometres each, which give the car and traffic situation. What is the impact of the introduction of a General speed limit would have been, to date, hardly any studies. The few scholarly considerations of the question, however, to come to a clear result – for example, in Brandenburg, Germany.

There is a 62 km-long section of the A24 between the two highway was three corners Wittstock/Dosse and Havel country until December of 2002, still without a speed limit. After a speed has been introduced limit of 130 km/h, and the effects were analyzed.

In the Video: The most important Numbers and facts at the speed limit


Video

DPA

The number of accidents was cut in half, then, of 654 accidents in three years without a speed limit on 337 accidents in three years, with 130 km/h. The findings of a study on the effects of General speed limits in the state of Brandenburg. Although the traffic went back on this highway section during the period observed, also slightly, of 47.200 cars in 24 hours in the years 2000 to 2002, 45.400 vehicles per 24 hours in the period from 2004 to 2006. The proportion of the speed limits to the declining accident numbers, the authors estimated, taking into account the reduced traffic volumes, however, with 26.5 percent.

Noteworthy is the development, especially the numbers Hurt: So from 1996 to 2002 in the event of accidents on this highway section 1850 people were injured in the same period after the introduction of 130 km/h, the number fell by more than half, 799 injured.

The Figures from Brandenburg is also the Thesis of the traffic researcher Michael schreckenberg, who has spoken out against speed limits. On the traffic law in Goslar, he had declared: “Whether I drive with a speed of 100 or 160 in front of the tree I am in two cases, dead.” Actually died on the investigated section of the A24 in the state of Brandenburg in the years 1996 to 2002 with no speed limit 38 people. Since the limit is 130 km/h in 2003, this number halved to 19 Dead. “A better example of the effect of a speed of 130 km on road safety in Germany”, explained a spokesman of the Ministry for infrastructure of the Federal state of Brandenburg.

The majority of the driver adheres to speed limits

A similar example there is in North Rhine-Westphalia, on a motorway, the A4, between the municipalities of Elsdorf and Merzenich section. There, in 2017, was introduced after several serious accidents with numerous casualties and a total of nine Fatalities in the previous three years, a speed limit of 130 kilometers per hour. According to information from the German traffic safety Council (DVR) occurred there to date, no fatal accident. In addition, the speed limit was followed by 85 per cent of all drivers and the average speed dropped to around ten kilometers long section of more than 140 to 120 km/h.

A further survey of the German road safety Council (DVR) from the year 2016 has examined, among other things, explicitly the speed of accidents on highways, i.e. accidents in which at least one Party had a non-adapted speed. The result: Of in Germany, 185 fatalities in speed accidents, 122 people (66 percent) came in sections without speed limit are killed. 63 accident victims (34 percent) died in speed limit zones.

Average speed decreases at 130 km/h only slightly

The authors of the study from Brandenburg came to a clear conclusion: a speed limit the car would have lanes for all traffic participants safe. Because regardless of the technical progress, high speeds result in significantly longer stopping distances. At a speed of 200 kilometers per hour, responsive, and braking distance is around 250 meters, expect to have a traffic expert. At a speed of 130 km car comes to about 118 meters.

The study commissioned by the land of Brandenburg, also dealt with an Argument by many opponents of a General speed limit: the lower travel time by a higher average pace. The difference of the speed between unlimited and limited highway sections is according to the study, surprisingly low: on unlimited sections of medium-sized passenger Cars were speeds of 137 km/h on highways with four lanes or 142 km/h on highways with six lanes calculated – with very high fluctuations between the driven speeds.

In the case of a limit of 130 km/h the mean speed of the cars decreased to 127 or 132 km/h, with significantly lower volatility. The study therefore concluded that a speed limit for passenger Cars can harmonise the traffic flow and the capacity of a lane to 100 cars per hour increase – and the company even save costs: The additional costs due to longer driving time of 17.2 million euros were € 22.5 million lower accident costs on the formerly unlimited sections.

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